Doping controls meet high quality standards thanks to standardized procedures, professionally trained doping control officers (DCOs), and clearly defined rights and obligations.
Doping control officers are specially trained individuals who conduct testing (DCO). DCOs must provide proof of identity and strictly adhere to the applicable regulatory provisions. They must also brief athletes who are being tested on all steps of the testing procedure and answer any questions they may have. This ensures that the rights of athletes are protected.
Urine and/or blood samples are collected as part of a doping control.
In-competition testing is a common practice that takes place at the event’s location.
Out-of-competition testing incorporates all tests conducted outside of competitions. These can happen at any time or in any place, both during and outside of training.
The anti-doping process consists of the following steps:
- A doping control officer (DCO) or chaperone notifies the athlete that they have been selected for doping control (testing) and informs them under which ADOs authority they are being tested.
- Reporting to the Doping Control Station
- Choosing sample collection vessel (urine sample) and/or blood collection kit (blood sample)
- When the athlete is ready, the DCO or chaperone will witness the passing of the urine sample, and/or a blood collection officer (BCO) will draw blood from the athlete using two vials (which will become the A & B sample).
- Choosing a sample collection kit (urine)
- The athlete will divide their urine into the A and B bottles, saving a residual amount of urine in the sample collection vessel.
- The athlete will seal the A and B bottles.
- Measuring specific gravity (urine)
- Completing the Doping Control Form (DCF)
- The athlete’s sealed sample is secured and sent to a WADA-accredited laboratory.